According to Herodotus, Cambyses II sent an army to threaten the Oracle of Amun at the Siwa Oasis. The army of 50,000 men was halfway across the desert when a massive sandstorm sprang up, burying them all. Although many egyptologists regard the story as a myth, people have searched for the remains of the soldiers for many years. These have included Count László Almásy (on whom the novel The English Patient was based, if you recall the "swimmers cave") and modern geologist Tom Brown. Some believe that in recent petroleum excavations, the remains may have been uncovered.
In November 2009, two Italian archaeologists, Angelo and Alfredo Castiglioni, claim to have discovered the remains of the Persian army near Siwa Oasis. Accordingly this is the first archaeological evidence of the story reported by Herodotus.
Poem by Robert E Howard
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